Sapphire - International Crystals Encyclopedia https://www.atlantisinstitute.org/


Origin - the place or situation from which something comes, the beginning of something’s existence, the point from which it starts out, the thing from which it is ultimately derived.
Sapphire is an aluminium oxide and is a variety of the mineral, Corundum. The crystals are mined from alluvial deposits and are found naturally by searching through sediments and rock formations as sometimes they may be difficult to mine from their primary source.


Though typically of a startling blue hue, the colour of the Sapphire may vary due to the impurity traces that can form within the mineral. Iron, titanium, chromium, copper and magnesium can turn a saphire blue, yellow, purple, orange and green respectively.


Large Sapphire deposits are mainly found in Thailand, Eastern Australia, North America, Madagascar, Eastern Africa and Sri Lanka.


All crystals belong to a different group according to the basis of the relationships of their axes. There are 7 systems and 32 classes of symmetry. Sapphire crystals belong to the Trigonal system.


History - the past considered as a whole, the whole series of past events connected with someone or sometihing, a continuous typically chronological record of importance.
The term Sapphire is said to be derived from a variety of ancient word sources. Some say it comes from Sanskrit where it is reffered to as Shanipriya. Shani means Saturn and Priya means dear. Hence the meaning ‘dear to Saturn’.


Others say the word derives from the Hebrew Sappir, the Greek, Sappheiros or the Latin, Sapphirus.


It is known to be one of the twelve precious stones featured in the High Priest of Israel’s breastplate whilst serving in the Holy Temple.


The ancient Persians were convinced that the world lay against a giant crystal of Sapphire hence the reflective blue in the colour of the sky. The Royalty of ancient Rome and Greece wore the Sapphire as a protection from evil and jealousy whilst the religious elders of the Middle Ages wore the Sapphire as a symbol of heaven.


In recent jtimes, the Sapphire has consistently been popular with Royalty. In England, both Princess Anne and Diana received engagement rings of Sapphire and cite it as a representation of wise and pure leadership.



Specification - the act of describing or identifying something precisely, a detailed description of the design and materials used to make something.
Sapphire crystals have a conchoidal, splintery fracture with a vitreous luster. They are the third hardest mineral, after diamond and moissanite, and measures a resounding 9.0 on the Mohs scale rating of hardness.


Some Sapphires (typically known as Star Sapphires) can project a star like reflection when viewed from overhead light which is known as asterism and can be caused by rutile trace inclusions of titanium dioxide.


The colour types of Sapphires are determined by the trace impurities formed within, usually signified by the geographical location of the deposits.


Sapphires are widely used in jewellery from the past to the present day and are also used in a variety of infrared optical components.


Varieties - a number or range of things of the same general class that are different or distinct in character or quality.
There are many different varieties of Saphire mainly determined by colour, these include and are not limited to;


  • Padparadscha
  • Star Sapphire
  • Yellow Sapphire
  • Green Sapphire
  • Pink Sapphire



Esoteric Attributes - a quality or feature as characteristic of or possed by something.
Crystals by their very nature are able to receive and focus energy in different ways. Their molecular structure enables them to be used to amplify and convert energy and hence crystals have been used for centuries to aid healing and transmute energy both in the metaphysical and physical world.


Because each crystal family has different formational backgrounds, each also has different vibrational frequencies that can be harnesed and used for specific purposes. Each therefore have specific qualities that can be used to help a person heal on the many different levels of their being.


The following is a list of healing attributes associated with Sapphire crystals.


Mental: Sapphire is a stone of wisdom that fortifies the ability to focus the thoughts on collective life goals.
Emotional: Sapphire brings an inner focus and calm that remains strong. It is a spiritual stone that brings the power of wisdom and astuteness.
Physical: Sapphire crystals reduce blood pressure and the onslaught of fever. It is also used to strengthen the nerves and provides relief from pain.


Crystal Chart - Sapphire


Crystal: Sapphire
Mineralogy: Aluminium Oxide | Corundum
Geometric form: Trigonal
Formation: Primary | Tertiary
Family: Corundum
Birthstone: Sapphire is the Birthstone of September and is primarily associated with the astrological sign of Virgo.
Appearance: Conchoidal, splintery fracture with a vitreous luster. The Saphire is the third hardest stone with a Mohs scale rating of 9.0.
Aura: Sapphire is used as a channel facilitator, channelling energies from the higher realms. It is used to boost spiritual and psychic energy and power.
Colour: Mainly a deep blue, vibrant hue, Sapphires can also be found in many other colours determined by the trace impurity within.
Chakra: Sapphires are primarily associated with the Throat Chakra and is also associated with the Third Eye and Crown Chakras. It is widely used for Chakra healing.




International Crystals - References and resources:


Michael Gienger, Healing Crystals, Earthdancer Books, 2009

The Columbia Encyclopedia, Crystal, 6th ed. 2014

World of Earth Science, Quartz, 2003

Encyclopedia of Occultism and Parapsychology, Crystal Healing, 2001


New Oxford American Dictionary