Hematite with Magnetite - International Crystals Encyclopedia https://www.atlantisinstitute.org/


Origin - the place or situation from which something comes, the beginning of something’s existence, the point from which it starts out, the thing from which it is ultimately derived.
Hematite is the mineral form of one of the types of iron oxides. It is determined as iron (III) oxide which has the chemical formula Fe2O3.


Hematite, found in banded iron formations, can occur from volcanic activity though it is often found due to the precipitation of water where it can form in layers in standing water like springs or lakes.


When weathering processes occur in soil then clay sized hematite crystals can occur. This can bring our the redish streak of colour often found in older , weathered soils.


All crystals belong to a different group according to the basis of the relationships of their axes. There are 7 systems and 32 classes of symmetry. Hematite crystals belong to the Trigonal system.


History - the past considered as a whole, the whole series of past events connected with someone or sometihing, a continuous typically chronological record of importance.
The name Hematite derives from the Greek word blood which is a reference to the reddish streak that forms through weathering. The ancient Greek name for Hematite termed it as a blood red stone and this name was transposed to the latin Lapis Haematites which in turn was taken up by Middle French which used the term Hématite Pierre.


Hematite was used as a pigment where it was taken from the hematite covered ochre clay. It was one of the earliest forms of writing pigment, used as red chalk over 164,000 years ago in South Africa by the Pinnacle Point man. Chalk mines were found in poland dating back to 5000 BC and also in old graveyards from up to 80,000 years ago. The mineral has also been referenced with the Linear Pottery Culture in the BC age, located at the Upper Rhine.


It was widely used in jewellery in the Victorian era and also in the craft of gilding as well as in other creative crafts.


Specification - the act of describing or identifying something precisely, a detailed description of the design and materials used to make something.
Hematite has penetration and tamellar twinning with no cleavage. It has an uneven or sub-conchoidal fracture with a brittle tenacity. The mineral is opaque with a metallic to splendant luster. Hematite has magnetic qualities which weakens according to the size of the item.


The mineral is used in arts and for the purposes of adornment and jewellery.


Varieties - a number or range of things of the same general class that are different or distinct in character or quality.
There are different varieties of Hematite, these include and are not limited to;


  • Kidney Ore
  • Iron Rose
  • Martite
  • Specularite



Esoteric Attributes - a quality or feature as characteristic of or possed by something.
Crystals by their very nature are able to receive and focus energy in different ways. Their molecular structure enables them to be used to amplify and convert energy and hence crystals have been used for centuries to aid healing and transmute energy both in the metaphysical and physical world.


Because each crystal family has different formational backgrounds, each also has different vibrational frequencies that can be harnesed and used for specific purposes. Each therefore have specific qualities that can be used to help a person heal on the many different levels of their being.


The following is a list of healing attributes associated with Hematite crystals.


Mental: Hematite crystals bring determination and resolve in the pursuance of aims and a resolve to stand up for them if neccessary.
Emotional: Hematite brings the resolve to pursue life goals and improvement of life situations. It stimulates the determination to progress.
Physical: Hematite is an aid to the stimulation of the gall bladder, liver and glands. It also helps to assimilate iron and the building of blood.


Crystal Chart - Hematite


Crystal: Hematite
Mineralogy: Iron Oxide
Geometric form: Trigonal
Formation: Tertiary
Family: Oxides
Birthstone: Hematite is associated with the Astrological Signs of Aries and Aquarius.
Appearance: Brittle with an uneven to sub-conchoidal fracture The mineral is opaque with a metallic to splendant luster with a Mohs scale rating of 5.5-6.5.
Aura: Hematite brings balance to the energy whilst absorbing the negative energies that arise. It is a protective stone that eases stress and brings calm.
Colour: Hematite appears in the colours red, black and gray and can carry a red streak.
Chakra: Hematite is associated with and brings positive vibrations to the Root Chakra where it promotes co-operativeness and calm.




International Crystals - References and resources:


Michael Gienger, Healing Crystals, Earthdancer Books, 2009

The Columbia Encyclopedia, Crystal, 6th ed. 2014

World of Earth Science, Quartz, 2003

Encyclopedia of Occultism and Parapsychology, Crystal Healing, 2001


New Oxford American Dictionary